Cladosporium, a Common Mold Spore
Mold can be seen growing outside as well as indoors. Mold growing indoors is a demanding issue for home and business owners who discover they have mold in growing their indoor settings. Cladosporium is one type of common indoor mold. It is one of the most common genera known. There are approximately 40 different species of this genera found all over the world.
Cladosporium is also a common indoor mold usually found in households abroad. Even though it is deemed a common indoor mold, it grows in soil, plant litter, and decayed plant matter. In general Cladosporium is a known plant pathogen. Many crops have been tainted by substantial growth of this mold on them.
In homes, it can be observed as an olive green, brown, or sometimes even black colony. The observation of the black colony can sometimes be confused or misidentified as Stacybotrys, most commonly known as “black mold”. Cladosporium can be found in household potted plants. Cladosporium can also be found on other indoor resources such as: damp construction materials, paints, wood, and moist insulation inside of cooling systems. As an indoor mold it is more commonly found on floors, mattresses, rugs, and damp or possibly water damaged walls. Food stuffs in the home can also be affected by exposure to this mold.
Medical Usage of Cladosporium
Although there aren’t many industrial uses for Cladosporium, it is used in the field of pharmaceutical manufacturing. One species of Cladosporium known as C. herbarum is used to produce enzymes which are used in the progressive pharmacy industry. The enzymes that are produced by this mold are able to transform some steroidal compounds into progesterone. Progesterone is a hormone that is lucratively used in birth control medicine. Strides towards knowing more about Cladosporium are being made by mycologists at large to identify other benefits of this mold type.
Cladosporium most times isn’t a harmful mold spore to healthy humans. Although in rare occasions it can be a risk faster to someone with an immunodeficiency. Cladosporium can cause problems for people with asthma. Skin and toenail infections are also health issues that can arise from Cladosporium. Toxins produced by this mold can be detrimental to the health of someone immunocompromised and suffering from over exposure. These toxins can cause allergic reactions that manifest as coughing, sneezing, and itchy eyes in the people that they affect. Toe nail, skin, and mucus membrane infections in immunocompromised individuals have been caused by Cladosporium.