Penicillium – What Penicllin is made of
Common Indoor Spore, Penicillium
Mold identification has definitely become one of the most important subjects to homeowners, renters, commercial realtors, and the world at large. In the world today there are more than 70,000 different species of fungal (mold) spores known to man. Of these thousands of spores, Penicillium is one that is frequently found and recognized as a common indoor spore.
The genus Penicillium consists of fiber-like fungi. Penicillium can potentially be found in soil, on decaying plant matter, and also in the air. Penicillium is often found growing indoors on water damaged materials such as wallpaper, carpet, and plywood. Penicillium can generally be found growing on foodstuffs in homes that have been sitting for an extensive time period. When looking for Penicillium growth on food, it can be observed as a bluish mold growing on possibly fruit, bread, or cheese.
Positive Factor of Penicillium
Penicillin has positive characteristics that can be attached to its name. To shed a different light on Penicillium, it is also used in some cheese-making industries. One of the most familiar types of cheeses, Bleu cheese, can be attributed to Penicillium roqueforti. French goat cheese factories use Penicillium also in their industrial faction of cheese production. Another major positive feature of Penicillium is the discovery of the drug Penicillin. In the year of 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered that Penicillium produced an active agent that could kill off bacteria and deemed it Penicillin. He also figured out that the mold wasn’t harmful to humans, but killed most harmful bacteria. After Fleming’s discovery approximately twelve years later, Penicillin played a major role in saving the lives of numerous soldiers during World War II.
Penicillium Health Effects
Penicillium is usually deemed as a mold spore type that rarely poses any health risks to the average healthy human being. Some people with that may have an allergy to or sensitive to Penicillium may experience hay fever, asthma, or an allergic lung inflammation. Even in the cases previously listed, it is very rare. Infections may occur in people having HIV or AIDS. In these cases, a human being may be vulnerable to having an infection of the ear, skin, or even the respiratory system. Penicilliosis is a disease usually found in patients who have HIV and also acquired an infection from Penicillium marneffei. All in all, Penicillium doesn’t pose as a risk to the typical healthy individual. Even though Penicillium is commonly found indoors, it does not pose a health risk or threat to healthy humans. In mold identification, Penicillium has definitely made its stamp in history and the modern world as a mold that can be beneficial in the food industry and for medicinal purposes.